Universiti Sains Malaysia
This study investigates the potential of individual problem-based learning, in interaction with active and reflective learning style in a social network environment to promote students’ academic success in terms of recalling and retention of knowledge. Individual problem-based learning is a constructivist learning approach which is different than traditional individual learning approach which students just need to memorise all the facts that the teacher taught. Individual problem-based learning is one learning strategy that requires students to be responsible for their own learning and solve all problems by themselves. The learning style employed in this study is based on Felder-Silverman’s Index of Learning Styles, which only involved one dimension: active-reflective learning style. The statistical procedures employed in the study were descriptive statistic and one-way ANOVA. Although the analysis of the data showed that there is no significant difference between the individual problem-based learning and learning style, the descriptive statistic indicated that reflective learners do benefit from this learning strategy.
Individual Problem-based Learning, Learning Style, Retention