Mindanao State University, Philippines
This study tried to find out the difficulties of the teachers in teaching mother tongue as a subject and as a medium of instruction as part of the K-12 curriculum. It is essential to find out the challenges on the part of the teachers in mother-tongue based teaching in the early years of the implementation of the said curriculum. And through learning these concepts, there will be given a better coping mechanism on the side of the teachers to teach such subject. The framework for this study is premised on Multilingualism, Sociolinguistics Theory and Communication Accommodation Theory. The results of the study showed that: the teachers and pupils code-switch; the teachers have their ways to cope against the challenges faced in a pluralistic classroom; and the existence of different languages in a classroom play a role in the learning process of the pupils. Moreover, the mother-tongue based education has to go more assessments and evaluation for its effective implementation. All stakeholders – teachers, pupils, parent, administrators and policy-makers should actively address the problems in the learning process of learners.