Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
Batik today has grown in the archipelago and created a variety of batik. Each region has its own characteristics as a result of contact with the local culture. Batik originally was the clothes of the Muslim sultans in Mataram. Inside batik already contained elements of Islam, which does not describe the animals animate with stylir style. But after coming out of the palace, batik also met with other Islamic influences in various places in the archipelago. This study aims to reveal the influence of Islam in batik motifs outside the palace of Mataram-Java. The method used is descriptive interpretive method. Various motives influenced by Islam are interpreted in relation to Islamic values. The location of this research took from various sites such as Solo, Pekalongan, Jambi, and Bengkulu. Research shows that there is influence of local culture and Islamic culture in batik. Batik Jambi and batik besurek Bengkulu very large influence of Islam in it. The value of Islam has become a reference in batik. The various Islamic references are: (1) does not describe living things with real, (2) uses Qur'anic verses as a source of inspiration, (3) contains hope and prayers on those motives. Society that develops Islamic values in batik motif is Muslim society. In this society Islam is expressed in batik motifs adapted to Islamic values. Batk is also used as a means of da'wah and the expression of beauty. Islamic culture in batik motif has also mixed with local culture. Local flora and fauna such as fish, scales, shrimp, plants, grasses have become the cornerstone of the batik. Batik then has a new value with new meaning. For example, the machete motif in the palace becomes a sacred motif, within the Muslim community the motif is modified so that it is not sacred and given a new meaning. If in the palace the motive is only for the king, then among Islamic society the motive becomes free to use as cover of aurat.
Batik, Islam, motive, and influence