National University of Malaysia
Oil palm is one of the main farm crops in Malaysia and it contributes to the country’s economy. Although oil palm sector creates more job opportunities but it’s considered as a less profitable sector among the youngsters. A case study was conducted in Malacca to study and explore the diversity of the economics activities in Kampung Bukit Bulat in achieving the social, economic and environmental sustainability. The villagers are practicing the diversification of economic activities other than oil palm cultivation such as fishing pond, chili, banana farm, stingless bee, bird farm, FELDA chalet, handicraft, and traditional cookies. The study was conducted in a village named Kampung Bukit Bulat (Bukit Bulat Village), Alor Gajah, Malacca. A set of questionnaires was distributed to 30 respondents who are the permanent residents of the area. The data collected was analyzed using Software Package for Social Science (SPSS). Descriptive statistics and Chi-Square test were conducted to achieve the objectives of the study. The findings showed that the average income of the head of the family was RM2000 and farmers doing part- time work had their monthly earnings increased.
Palm oil, Oil palm, socio-economic, chi-square test, farmer’s income